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Inpec/ English version/ HistoricalReview

Legal Nature

Decree 2160 of 1992, which merged the Directorate General of Prisons of the Ministry of Justice with the Revolving Fund of the Ministry of Justice. Article 1 INPEC creation.

Act 065 of 1993, which is issued by the Prison Code, regulatory framework that includes essential provisions to be applied in the execution of criminal sanctions in modern human form and according to the principles outlined by the Constitution and the International Organizations Human Rights Defenders.

Decree 407 of 1994, which establishes the personnel system of the National Penitentiary and Prison.

Decree 270 of 2010, which approved the modification of the structure of the National Prison Institute INPEC and determining the functions of its dependencies.

Agreement No 002 of 2010, Article 3, which is adopted by the Internal Statute of the National Prison Institute INPEC.

"The INPEC is a national public establishment under the Ministry of Interior and Justice, with legal, administrative and property independent"

Resolution 2462 of 2010, which develops the Organizational Structure of the National Prison Institute established by Decree 270 of 2010.

Decree 2897 of 2011, Article 3, INPEC as entity attached to the Ministry of Justice and Law.

Decree 4151 of 2011, which modifies the structure of the National Prison Institute INPEC and other provisions.

Resolution 2122 of June 15, 2012, by which organic structure and determine the working groups of the National Prison Institute (INPEC).


The evolution prison, dates from the fifteenth century, aboriginal times, that just as the Chibcha developed communities showed civil and criminal law of great moral influence for its time. Death penalty to murder, public shame the cowardly, torture the thief was not frequent imprisonment and its application as a criterion was not punishment.

At the time of the conquest, were imposed laws of the conqueror: crime, guard prisoners, torture, punishment and forgiveness. The detention facility is considered as a site prior to the execution or punishment for Spanish or Creole population. The native did not have freedom for his character vassal.

In colonial times was applied confiscation, fine and imprisonment and measures related ecclesiastical abjuration, repression, suspension orders and penance.

For the enforcement of sentences used the famous dungeons, and Tunja presidios of Cartagena, the prisons of the Royal Prison, Jail Divorce, Zipaquirá and the Santa Fe (College of Our Lady of the Rosary), among others.

At the time of independence in order to contribute to the nation-state models are imported French and Spanish prisons.

Colombian territory's political status. Provides for the abolition of torture, authorizing restrict freedom of citizens and prohibits entry into the prison who is not legally led to it.

1890 - first women's prison: it is established by the Sisters of the Good Shepherd.

1914 - Act 35: establishing the Directorate General of Prisons; reglamentándose as an entity under the Ministry of Government.

1934 - Colombian penal code first: first prison administration guidelines.

1936 and 1938 - new criminal code and criminal procedure code vagrancy law.

1940 - prison construction boom: social control devices for the development of capitalism. National Penitentiary the pillory, Palmira and Popayan.

1940 - Restructuring: Department of Detention Facilities, Penalties and Security Measures (MINJUSTICIA).

1958 - Act Crooks: the dangerous doctrine.

1960 - Restructuring: Division of Sentences and Security Measures (MINJUSTICIA).

1992 - Decree No. 2160, which is fused by the Directorate General of Prisons of the Ministry of Justice with the Revolving Fund of the Ministry of Justice and establishing national Prison INSTITUTE - INPEC.

1993 - Act 65 of 1993, Article 15, The National Prison System is composed of the National Penitentiary Institute, as a public institution attached to the "Ministry of Justice and Law" with legal, administrative autonomy and independent assets, for all detention centers operating in the country, the National Penitentiary school and other entities bound to fulfill its purposes

INPEC Ministerio  De Justicia y del Derecho Sí Virtual Escuela Penitenciaria Nacional Unidad de Servicios Penitenciarios Comisión Nacional del Servicio Civil Dirección Nacional de Derecho de Autor Fundalectura Hora Legal Colombiana Colombia Compra Eficiente Contraloría General de la República Imprenta Nacional de Colombia Superintendencia de Notariado & Registro Sistema Nacional de Evaluación de Gestión y Resultados.